ICUAS'17 Paper Abstract

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Paper WeC5.6

Andrade, Fabio (Norut, Northern Research Institute), Johansen, Tor Arne (Norweigian Univ. Of Sci. & Tech.), Storvold, Rune (Norut Northern Research Institute)

Autonomous UAV Surveillance of a Shipís Path with MPC for Maritime Situational Awareness

Scheduled for presentation during the "Maritime and Coastal Applications of UASs" (WeC5), Wednesday, June 14, 2017, 18:20−18:40, San Marco Island

2017 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems, June 13-16, 2017, Miami Marriott Biscayne Bay, Miami, FL,

This information is tentative and subject to change. Compiled on July 22, 2019

Keywords Path Planning

Abstract

Maritime Situational Awareness is crucial in maritime operations to identify threats and to deal with them as soon as possible. These threats can be pirates in shipping operations, icebergs when sailing in the northern sea routes, or even unknown vessels or objects that might be on the shipís path. A solution to identify these threats is the use of UAVís to overfly the shipís planned path. This solution is described in this paper, using an autonomous fixed wing UAV. Based on the provided shipís planned path, the UAV should autonomously map the area close to the ship track. To do that, an optimization problem is solved using Model Predictive Control, where the turn rate for the next time period is optimized. Based on the turn rate, the future path of the UAV is calculated and the waypoints are sent to the autopilot. This application is thoroughly tested using a Software In Loop environment, where an aircraft model is used with the autopilotís simulation. The results show that surveillance performance is improved if the UAV has information about the shipís velocity in addition to position.

 

 

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